Updated: Nov 24, 2018
Colosseum in a Nutshell Part 1
Lets go back to the year 64 a.d.
A mad Emperor called Nero runs the town and is Cesar of the Roman Empire.
Somehow news spreads that he has burned Rome, at least that's the common knowledge of historians around the world even if there is research that indicates that he only was accused by the official authorities with this crime in an act to oppose him, when in fact he never committed the act.
Nevertheless, there is a source that states that Nero was actually 35 miles away playing the lyre at his villa in Antium watching the fire as it occurred.
After the fire, Nero immediately ordered relief measures but also used the aftereffects of the fire to clamp down on the growing influence of Christians in Rome. He arrested, tortured and executed hundreds of Christians on the pretext that they had something to do with the fire.
Some even believed he ordered the fire to start since he used the land cleared by the fire to build his Golden Palace and its surrounding pleasure gardens.
So, what could the Senators of Rome do when the ruler of the world's mightiest empire had descended into lunacy?
Nero's bloodline (whether biological or adopted) had ruled Rome and its empire for a century.
But Nero himself, had no heir.
Would it be better to keep that ruling bloodline intact - or - to sever it?
The leading Senators believed they had to vote on an audacious proposition:
Is Nero, the Roman Emperor, an enemy of the state?
If yes, he had to be relieved of duties. If no, he could continue in his position.
On the 9th of June, 68 AD, a majority of Senators declared that Nero had become an enemy of the state. Nero, who could not withstand the pressure caused by this conviction, committed suicide.
With his death, Rome descended into civil war. Within a very short time span, 6 different men took the title of Emperor but none were capable of holding onto their seat.
Not until the father-and-son team, Vespasian and Titus (men of "low birth") rose to prominence, was Rome able to re-establish order and quash the growing rebellion in its provinces. Then as a symbol of change and a statement to their power, The Flavian Dynasty announced Vespasian Emperor and erected the Colosseum.
This monument, which could be considered the ancient Facebook, a place to broadcast propaganda, and even the local TV Station, served as an instrument of political power for centuries.
During the years of 80-352 a.d., the Colosseum became what it is most famous for today, the place were thousands of people and animals were killed for vicious pleasure.
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