Pantheon(class.greek= all gods)
The Pantheon was, as its name is pointing it out , a temple dedicated to all gods of the Olymp(according to greek mythology the mysterious mountain where the gods lived reigned above all living. It is one of the best preserved ancient buildings in Rome,italy.
It was completed in 125 a.d. under the rule of Emperor Hadrian although conceived much earlier by , and that's the common belief,Marcus Agrippa, right hand of Augustus Octavian; and an inscription in the facade seems acknowledge it: 'Marcus Agrippa L.F.*lucius fillius*(son of Lucius) costertium fecit'.
Its dome with a measurement of 43,2 m of diameter is the greatest dome of all ancient buildings in the world that survived the outcome of history and seems to remind us of the long passed glory of the Roman Empire. The building is as wide as it is tall -140ft.The oculus is the only source of light and was once covered with a bronze cap.
The wall of the rotunda( thats how the building is often called nowadays by Italians) is 6m thick and was redesigned over the centuries and fixed at many places.
It is said that a medallion depicted an golden eagle(symbol for Jupiter,Father of all Gods in class.greek belief) in side the building on the back-wall.The dome is made out of concrete and gets thinner and lighter with its height.
In later periods it served until today as a tomb for Italian Monarch 'Umberto I.' 1870-1946 a.d. and a notable tomb of 'Raphael' 1483-1520 a.d., a very important representative of art in Italy during the Renaissance.
Emperor Trajan it is said has redesigned the building around 114 a.d. including the porticus until Hadrian reshaped it again. It went almost directly from being a pagan temple to being a christian church.
Today its one of Romes main city attractions and houses millions of visitors every year. Across the street you can find a Gelato store with 128 types of gelato.